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10 Most Devastating Cyber Crimes in History

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10 Most Devastating Cyber Crimes

From the mass theft of credit card information to viruses that have infiltrated the world’s largest financial institutions, cyber crimes have caused some of the largest thefts in history.

1982 – CIA

10 Most Devastating Cyber Crimes
During the cold war, the CIA took to the internet and sent a logic-bomb to the Soviets in an attempt to foil the control system they were using to run the Trans-Siberian gas pipeline. The CIA inserted a line of code which blew up a portion of the gas line. The explosion was said to be the equivalent of 3 kilotons of TNT. This was one of the earliest known instances of cyber terrorism.

2000 – Amazon, CNN, eBay, Yahoo

First DDoS attacks
In 2000, a 15-year-old Canadian boy was able to take some of the largest online companies offline using DDoS attacks. These types of attacks were relatively unheard of at the time. The major companies were not prepared to fend off the simple DDoS attacks that Michal Calace aka “MafiaBoy” was sending them.

2003 – Microsoft SQL

Microsoft Hack
In 2003, the internet was brought down with a mere 376 bits worth of information.
In the span of a few hours, the malware was able to break through 75,000 servers, some of which included Washington Mutual and Bank of America. Continental Airlines was another major company that got hit. They had to postpone and cancel flights after their ticket system went offline.
Adding to the chaos, an Ohio nuclear power plant had one of its safety monitoring systems go offline and the city of Seattle lost its 911 line.
The malware was called the slammer worm and it exploited a problem with the Microsoft SQL server, which it had already attempted to repair 6 months prior.

2004 – Footnet

Based out of Ohio, Footnet became the world’s first “black-hat” internet hosting company. The ISP provided a secure passageway for hackers to wreak havoc on the internet. The servers hosted several illegal hacking forums and black markets.
In 2004, the FBI raided the ISP twice. The founder of the ISP, Saad Echouafni, skipped out on bail and fled the country. He is still on the FBI’s most wanted list.

2006 – Los Angeles

Los Angeles Hack
In 2006, Los Angeles, CA experienced a strike from their traffic engineers. Two of the striking engineers hacked into the computer system that controlled the 3,200+ traffic lights through the city. Engineers Gabriel Murillo and Kartik Patel targeted 4 of the business intersections and altered the signals to a worst-case scenario.
The city experienced massive traffic congestion surrounding the LAX International Airport and on highways throughout the city.

2008 – Albert Gonzalez

Albert Gonzalez
Albert Gonzalez and his partners in the US and Russia used a combination of SQL injection and Wi-Fi breaching to steal credit card information from millions of people. They targeted businesses like Dave & Busters, Office Max and 7-Eleven. Gonzalez was able to make millions of dollars by reselling the credit cards information that he gathered on the black market. Gonzalez was eventually caught and sentenced to 20 years in prison.

2010 – PayPal

PayPal Hack
PayPal fell victim to a series of cyber-attacks in 2010 and 2011. The attack cost the company $5.6 million in damages. The company became the target of 3 hackers, Christopher Weatherhead, Ashley Roads and Peter Gibson after the online merchant blocked donations that were going to the WikiLeaks website. The hackers were given a combined sentence of 31 months in prison.

2010 – NASDAQ

Nasdaq Hack
A group of Russian and Ukrainian hackers were targeting large retailers and eventually turned their attention towards NASDAQ. They designed a sniffer program which extracted credit card information during transactions that were places between different companies.
By the end of their run, they stole more than $160 million from credit cards alone and created another $100+ million in damages for their crimes. In total, they left $300 million in losses, making it the 2nd largest financial cybercrime in history.

2011 – Sony

Sony Hack
In 2011, an estimated 77 million accounts in Sony’s PlayStation gaming network were hacked into. These accounts had the names, addresses, and passwords of each of their members.
Sony had no encryption on this information, which left it vulnerable and prime for an attack like this. They did have the credit card information encrypted, but most of that information was hacked through as well.
The attack forced Sony to take their entire network offline for 23 days. In total, the damages cost the company close to $100 million, making it one of the largest cyber attacks on a single company in history.

2015 – US, European and Asian Banks

Central Bank Asia
After 2 years of planning, a group of Russian hackers used their custom designed malware to hack into over 100 banks and financial institutions around the globe. In total, they were able to steal over $840 million with their efforts, making it the largest financial cyber crime in history.
The group programmed viruses which infiltrated the systems of these banks. The virus collected data and was streaming it to the hacker group for months on end. The group funneled the money into fake accounts which they then took for themselves.

Top 10 Triumphs of Anonymous

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Top 10 Anonymous Triumphs

Some people perceive the hacker organization, Anonymous, as a bunch of vigilantes and outlaws. They don’t respect the way that the group breaks laws in order to achieve its goals. However, others see Anonymous in a different light, as a group which fights for the important things in life. No matter how you view this controversial group of hackers, you may find that our list of the top ten triumphs of Anonymous is very interesting! We’re here to highlight the most positive aspects of this group. Naturally, there are also negatives and you may look for those online.

10. Anonymous Defied a White Supremacist

White Supremacist

During winter of 2006, this notorious hacker group shut down a white supremacist’s radio program by hacking his website. The website of Hal Turner was disabled and, to add insult to injury, Anonymous made sure that Turner would be stuck with major bills for extra bandwidth. Turner filed suit, but later bailed on his lawsuit. White supremacy is evil and the world has enough of it long ago, during the days of slavery. So, it’s pretty hard to get mad at Anonymous for stopping the hate speech of this nasty radio host! That being said, hacking is illegal and Americans do have freedom of speech, as do citizens of other countries. There’s always a moral situation to ponder when it comes to Anonymous. Some people agree with what they do, while others feel that anti-hacking laws are in place for good reason.

9. Anonymous Made Life Harder for Scientologists
Scientology Anonymous

A new Anonymous initiative, Project Chanology, was launched during the winter of 2008. This project was a digital assault on Scientology! In case you’re unfamiliar, Scientology is technically a religion and it was was created by sci-fi author and eccentric, L. Ron Hubbard. It’s commonly regarded as a cult, for very good reason! During Project Chanology, a range of “denial of service” assaults were launched on Scientology web pages. As well, Anonymous made sure that the link-sharing interface, Digg, displayed more anti-cult material than ever before. To put the icing on the cake, members of Anonymous donned their “V for Vendetta” masks and protested the cult at a variety of Scientology events. Scientology has some powerful members, such as Tom Cruise, and it is known for its wacky belief that the thetans of space entities are inside of all of us. For this reason, Scientologists get a lot of razzing online. Even the team at South Park have attacked Scientology via juvenile humor.

8. Anonymous Linked the Chinese Army with Illegal Cyber Activity
Chinese army Anonymous

In the winter of 2011, Anonymous hacked information about users from a big hacker forum. After they passed this information onto a security company called Mandiant, information was used in order to prove that China’s military was involved with illegal cyber activity against America.

7. Anonymous Exposed Kiddie Porn Web Pages

Child pornography is disgusting and it’s something that makes good people feel sick to their stomachs. Clearly, many members of Anonymous agree, as the loosely-formed hacktivist group went after kiddie porn websites. After finding a cache of these nauseating websites, Anonymous exposed them. In particular, they went after Lolita City, which was a place where child pornography users met to exchange digital data. Members of this website’s names were published online. These kinds of websites are found on the “dark Web”, where most people don’t go.

6. Punished the BART System for Blocking Protests
BART System Protests

BART is Bay Area Rapid Transit and its administrators decided to stop cell phone services in order to make it harder for riders to protest. Anonymous didn’t like this curtailing of basic freedoms. Therefore, it attacked by hacking the system’s database and releasing information about users of the service. They also included a treatise which explained that the rapid transit organisation purposely infringed on people’s right to get together and protest.

5. Protested Homophobia in Uganda
Uganda protest in support of gays

During the summer of 2012, Uganda’s government was passing laws which made life harder for its gay citizens. To get revenge, Anonymous hacked into a couple of official websites of Uganda’s government and digitally vandalized them.

4. Supported a More Democratic Korea
North Korea Hack Officials

Anonymous’ Operation Free Korea is all about getting its controversial leader, Kim Jong-un, to step down. This campaign to make Korea a more democratic place reached a peak when hackers from Anonymous posted fifteen thousand names of people who utilise Korea’s official website. Anonymous followed up by telling Korea’s government that it would delete all of this important digital information.

3. Helped Bring Rapists to Justice
Justice Court

Anonymous wasn’t pleased when pictures of a young rape victim were shared online, via social networks. To retaliate and to help bring the guilty parties to justice, the hacktivist group released videos, social media posts and electronic mail which incriminated members of the Steubenville high school’s sports team. This high school rape case got tons of media exposure and Anonymous helped to reveal the truth.

2. Punished the Hateful Westboro Baptist Church
Hateful Westboro Baptist Church

You probably already know how horrible the Westboro Baptist Church is! Well, Anonymous doesn’t like this crazy fundamentalist group, either and they proved it by taking down the website of the church during winter of 2011. This church is known for its rude and inappropriate protests, which may even be held outside of memorial services.

1. Attacked the Koch Brothers’ Website
Koch Brothers

The Koch Brothers are mega-rich and they are part of the financial apparatus which backs the Tea Party. If you’re not into Tea Party politics, you’ll probably view Anonymous’ attack on the website of this duo’s advocacy organisation as a good thing. As far as Anonymous was concerned, the Koch Borhters were wreaking havoc within Wisconsin politics. Usually, Anonymous doesn’t go after political advocacy groups. However, this time, the group made an exception.

Do You Like Anonymous?

We’re all different. Some of us have values which are aligned with Anonymous and others don’t. If you like Anonymous, you’re probably a bit more liberal than some. Most people who prefer right-wing politics are not fans of Anonymous. Basically, Anonymous breaks the law. There’s no way around it. However, in some cases, they are exposing lawbreakers who actually hurt people, infringe on basic freedoms and so on. Anonymous members, who are legion, believe in situational ethics. They believe that what they are doing is more ethical than not. They see injustice and try to correct it by using computer hacking and other methods. This group is non-violent.

However you feel about the group, there’s no denying the impact of Anonymous. It’s safe to say that no one wants to be on the group’s “hit list”! Since its members are hard to trace in operate in cells, it’s not the most organised group around. It’s actually a looser organisation which is aligned by core values. Now and then, some parts of Anonymous may do things that other members of Anonymous don’t agree with. The danger of the group is that it is so loosely arranged. This means that consensus isn’t always possible. However, the loose organisation of this hacker group also makes it harder for authorities to track its hackers.

We live in the digital age and Anonymous members are digital vigilantes. It’s hard to disagree with exposing pedophiles, even though hacking is also a crime. When the well-being of children is at stake, this overrides hacking laws, at least in this writer’s opinion. Other acts by Anonymous may sometimes be more difficult to defend. It all depends on your morality and point of view.

10 Most Unjustified Police Shootings in U.S. History

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Most unjustified police shootings

According to the Guardian’s The Counted, a crowd-sourced project which keeps track of the deaths of U.S. citizens at the hands of police officers, 1,146 people were shot and killed in 2015, 229 of them were unarmed.

This data, as well as similar projects run by the Washington Post and even a pilot program rolled out by the U.S. Justice Department at the end of 2015, give people direct insight into the number of just and unjustified U.S. police shootings.

joint study conducted by the Washington Post and Bowling Greene State University revealed that for every 1,000 citizens killed by U.S. police, only 1 officer will ever be convicted of a crime. The study was a ten year sample, ranging from 2005 to 2015.

Political and social differences aside, unjustified U.S. police shootings are a yearly occurrence, and technological advancements have made it easier to fit the pieces of these cases together. With that, here’s a look at the ten most unjustified police shootings in U.S. history.

10. Sean Bell

Sean Bell fatally shot in the car

Soon to be married Sean Bell held his bachelor party at Club Kalua on November 25, 2006 in Queens, New York. Undercover police officers were in the area due to accusations that the owners of the Kalua nightclub were running a prostitution ring.

Bell’s friend, Joseph Guzamn, stood outside the nightclub and appeared to have an argument with another man, which prompted Guzman to reportedly say “Yo, get my gun,” as Guzman, Bell and other friends walked towards their cars.

A nearby undercover officer, Gescard Isnora, heard what took place and alerted his team. While armed, Isnora and his team approached Bell and his two friends who were already inside the car. According to Isnora he took out his badge and identified himself as a police officer, which contradicts what would later be said by Joseph Guzman, who said Isnora and his officers did not identify themselves.

Sean Bell steps on the gas and side swipes Isnora while hitting another vehicle. Isnora believes Bell has a weapon drawn and alerts his team. The five officers fire no less than 50 bullets into Bell’s car. Bell was hit with four bullets in the neck and torso. Guzman was shot 19 times but would later survive. The third man, Benefield, was shot three times and also survived.

Bell’s autopsy showed that he was intoxicated, while officer Isnora also had a few beers, but was “fit for duty” according to former Police Commissioner Kelly. After three of the officers, including Isnora, were brought up on charges including first-degree manslaughter, second-degree manslaughter and reckless endangerment, their eventual trial concluded on April 25, 2008, with all counts being acquitted.

9. Brendon Glenn 

Brendon Glenn

Officers Clifford Proctor and Jonathan Kawahara received a call about a homeless man harassing restaurant customers at Windward Avenue near the Venice Boardwalk shortly before midnight on May 5, 2015. Approaching the slurred-speaking man, later identified as Brendon Glenn, the officers were able to get the man to walk away from the restaurant and decided not to arrest him.

Glenn then approached a nearby bar and began yelling obscenities at its patrons. This time, the officers decided to arrest him. As officer Kawahara grabbed his arms, Glenn resisted by pulling away. Video footage that would later become paramount in this case since neither officer’s body cameras were on during the shooting, shows Kawahara pulling Glenn by his hair and getting Glenn on the ground. With arms flailing, officer Clifford Proctor steps back and shoots Glenn once in the back, and, under the assumption that Glenn was on heavy drugs and did not feel anything, shot him once more, fatally wounding the 29-year-old.

Proctor’s justification was “I saw … his hand on my partner’s holster.” His official statement was later contradicted by the surveillance video, in addition to his own partner’s statements, who told investigators he did not feel a tug by Glenn towards his holster, and did not feel threatened. Security footage that caught the incident on camera has yet to be released.

LAPD’s Chief Charlie Beck called the shooting ‘unjustified’ and recommended criminal charges be filed against Proctor. Pursuing criminal charges against Proctor would make it the first criminal case against an on-duty LAPD officer in over 15 years. Brendon Glenn’s family is also following through with lawsuits against the LAPD.

8. Henry Glover

Henry Glover shot

31-year-old Henry Glover, resident of Algiers, New Orleans, located near the bank of the Mississippi river, was shot in the chest with a .223 rifle near a local strip mall four days after Hurricane Katrina on September 4, 2005.

Glover was shot by then rookie NOPD officer David Warren for believing that Glover carried a weapon and was attempting to rush in on his position on the second story balcony of the strip mall was patrolling.

Glover’s brother, sister and neighbor, William Tanner, not knowing what occurred, drove Glover to Habans Elementary School to seek medical attention. The school was filled with SWAT officers, who pulled the two men over. Not knowing how their brother and friend had been shot, the two men were then handcuffed and allegedly beat by the officers.

Photo evidence provided by the defense later revealed that Glover had already been deceased by the time they arrived at the school. Officer Greg McRae drove the 2001 Chevrolet Malibu to a levee near the Mississippi, down the street from a NOPD office, and set the car on fire with body of Henry Glover still inside the trunk of the car.

On March 31, 2011 David Warren was sentenced to 25 years in federal prison for committing manslaughter with a firearm, but was eventually acquitted of all charges on December 2013 despite Glovers death eventually being ruled a homicide. Greg McRae was sentenced to 17 years in prison on obstruction of justice. His case is ongoing

7. James Boyd

Victim James Boyd fatally shot

On the evening of March 16, 2014, homeless man James Boyd, 38, held a knife atop the foothills of the Sandia Mountains outside of Albuquerque, New Mexico in the middle of a four hour standoff with two armed Open Space officers, an APD officer and a K-9 unit.

Boyd was adamant about staying in his illegal camping spot. But finally agreeing to let the officers take him in, he says “I’m going to try and walk with you.” … “I’m worried about safety. I’m not a fucking murderer.”

After packing his belongings and tucking his knife in his left pocket, video footage of an officers body camera shows one officer quickly saying “Do it.” Officer Keith Sandy then throws a flash-bang grenade at Boyd’s feet. The trio rushes Boyd with the K-9 in lead. Officers Keith Sandy and Dominique Perez began ordering Boyd to get on the ground. Boyd appears to drop the knife.

Both officers miss their taser shots. The K-9 gets mixed up with one of the taser marks and panics. Boyd slightly raises his hands and begins to turn around and is met with three of six live rifle rounds shot by the two officers in question, one of whom can be heard saying “Booyah!” Boyd is seen still holding onto the knife while laying face down between a mound of rocks. The officers then shoot three bean bag rounds into his back and decide to release the dog, clamping down on Boyd’s leg.

Boyd’s final words in the video footage were “Please don’t hurt me” … “I can’t move.” After receiving a bullet in each arm and in the back, doctors were unable to save Boyd’s life after amputating an arm and removing pieces of his lung and spleen. Officers Keith sandy and Dominique Perez are both facing criminal charges including second-degree murder, aggravated assault and aggravated battery. Their trial begins September 12, 2016.

6. Akai Gurley

Akai Gurley accidently shot dead

After 18 months on the job, rookie NYPD officer’s Peter Liang and Shaun Landau entered the Louis H. Pink Housing complex in lower East New York, Brooklyn on November 20, 2014. The officers were performing vertical patrols of the buildings stairwells, despite a commanding officer telling other officers in the area to perform exterior policing around the housing projects instead.

After realizing the elevator was out of order, Akai Gurley and his girlfriend entered the 7th floor stairwell just below the officers around 11 P.M. The 28-year-old was visiting his girlfriend to have his hair braided before Thanksgiving. Officer Liang pushed open the door to the stairwell using the same hand that was carrying his 9mm Glock.

The officer then accidentally discharged his weapon, not knowing about Gurley or his girlfriend’s presence. The single bullet ricochet off the opposing wall and struck Gurley in the chest, causing him to flee two flights of stairs before collapsing to his death, as supported by the crime scene footage.

Officer Liang was fired from the NYPD after being found guilty of manslaughter and official misconduct, but will serve no jail time. “Instead of shining a light, he pointed his gun and shot Akai Gurley,” stated Brooklyn Assistant District Attorney Joe Alexis in his closing argument. Liang maintained that “I just turned, and the gun went off.”

5. Oscar Grant

Oscar fatally shot in the back by a police officer

In the early morning of New Years Day, 2009, officers from the Bay Area Rapid Transit Police Department (BART) received multiple calls of a fight involving up to 20 people on a train arriving from the West Oakland Station. Oscar Grant along with eight friends were traveling from the San Francisco port to Fruitvale station.

Officers Tony Pirone and Marysol Domenici arrived on the scene and removed Grant and his friends from the train to detain them on the platform. Officer Pirone handcuffed one of Grant’s friends and sat the others down against the wall. Witnesses say Pirone was the instigator, even yelling out at one point “Bitch-ass nigger, right?” According to Pirone, he was parroting an insult that Grant had yelled at him. After confirming with the train operator that these were the men involved in the altercation, five other BART officers arrive on the scene, including officer Johannes Mehserle.

Video evidence covered multiple angles of what was to soon unfold. The officers begin to handcuff Grant’s friend to his left, and then Grant himself. Sitting on his knees, Grant can be seen talking to the officers, where some witnesses claim he was asking not to be tased. After shouts from the onlooking crowd, officers Pirone and Mehserle attempted to detain Grant. Grant resisted being placed on his stomach and both officers can be seen having difficulty getting the 22-year-old on his stomach and in handcuffs.

That’s when officer Johannes Mehserle pulls his gun, a SIG Sauer P226, and fires a single shot into Oscar Grant’s back. Facing murder charges, Mehserle was convicted of involuntary manslaughter in 2014 and served two years in jail. The death was considered involuntary likely due to the fact that witness claims supported Mehserle’s original assertion, which is that he thought he was reaching for his taser. The incident sparked a flurry of protests and even inspired the movie “Fruitvale Station.”

4. Danziger Bridge

Victims of Danziger bridge
Danziger victims

As one of the most shocking civil rights cases in New Orleans history, the Danziger bridge incident occurred as follows.

Days after Hurricane Katrina, on September 4, 2005, four plain-clothes New Orleans police officers drove a Budget rental truck onto the Danziger bridge. The officers were Sgt. Kenneth Bowen, Sgt. Robert Gisevius, Anthony Villavaso and Robert Faulcon.

Lining up with AK-47’s and M4 Carbine assault rifles, the four officers opened fire on the Bartholomew family, who were trying to walk to a nearby grocery store. A friend of the family, 17-year-old James Brissette died instantly. The rest of the family fled for shelter behind a concrete barrier and began to run back to their apartment complex.

The incident led to the amputation of Susan Bartholomews arm, while her husband was shot three times, once in the head, back and foot. Their teenage daughter was shot four times while a friend of Brissette was shot in the jaw and abdomen. Ronald and Lance Madison, two brothers also walking with the family, fled towards the bottom of the bridge where they were pursued by Sgt. Gisevius and officer Faulcon in an unmarked police vehicle.

Standing out of the back of the car, Faulcon fired his shotgun, striking the mentally handicapped 40-year-old Ronald Madison in the back. Ronald received five gunshot wounds to the back as well as two additional bullets to his limbs. His brother Lance was arrested for three weeks under eight separate counts of attempting to murder police officers.

The police officers responded with immediate force because they claimed shots were fired at them. It was later discovered that the shots came from a trapped group of people who were trying to attract the attention of rescuers. A total of six innocent civilians were shot and wounded, two died.

On April 20, 2016, the four officers were sentenced to prison terms ranging from 7 to 12 years. A fifth officer, detective Arthur Kaufman who was assigned to investigate the event, was convicted of covering up the officer’s crimes. This closes the door on the the most severe case of police brutality that took place in the aftermath of Katrina.

The officers were placed in jail in 2010. Each will receive time served with the exception of Kaufman. Their sentences are as follows:

  • Arthur Kaufman – 3 years
  • Anthony Villavaso – 7 years
  • Kenneth Bowen – 10 years
  • Robert Gisevius – 10 years
  • Robert Faulcon – 12 years

3. Aiyana Stanley-Jones

Aiyana Stanley-Jones

On the dark early morning of May 16, 2010, a Detroit SWAT team arrived at 4054 Lillibridge St. They had a warrant to search the shared duplex for their suspect, Chauncey Owens, who was suspected to be involved in the recent murder of teenager Je’Rean Blake and had been seen around the house. The SWAT team was also accompanied by a A&E film crew who were shooting the television series The First 48, which is where the video footage originated.

Charles Jones, 25, paced around the lower end of the house, near where his 7-year-old daughter, Aiyana Jones, slept on a couch in the same room as her grandmother, who was watching television. The police officers, the family members and bystanders are in disagreement about the events that soon unfolded.

Officer Joseph “Brain” Weekley states that he was the first officer through the door. Under the cover of a ballistic shield, Weekley says that Aiyana Jones’ grandmother reached for his gun, causing it to fire. He says “A woman grabbed my gun. It fired. The bullet hit a child.”

Unbeknownst to the officers at the time, the suspect they were looking for was located on the other side of the duplex, at 4054 Lillibridge St. The officers stormed the 4056 unit.

The Jones’, including Mertilla Jones, the grandmother, maintain that as a flash bang grenade broke through the window, she reached for Aiyana and did not touch or even see officer Weekley. The family also claims the shot that struck and killed the young Aiyana came from outside of the house.

After telling his Sergeant about the grandmother, Mertilla Jones was arrested, where she was tested for drugs and gun powder. In one of Weekley’s retrials, it would be found that Mertilla’s fingerprints were not found on Weekley’s gun.

The original suspect, Chancey Owens, was found on the upper floor of the other side of the duplex. Chancey surrendered immediately, and was later charged with first-degree murder in connection to Je’Rean Blake’s death. After multiple mistrials, officer Joseph Weekley was acquitted of involuntary manslaughter charges on January 28, 2015.

After the dismissed charges the Jones family filed a lawsuit against the Detroit police, officer Weekley and other officers involved in the raid that ended in Aiyana’s death, alleging a cover up by police officers.

2. Amadou Diallo

Amadou Diallo shot by two police officers

23-year-old Amadou Diallo, an immigrant from Guinea, West Africa, had just returned from a late night meal and stood in front of his apartment building on the morning of February 4, 1999. Around 12:40 A.M. four plain-clothes NYPD officers who were members of the Street Crimes Unit, became suspicious of Diallo after they maintained he matched the description of a serial rapist who had been in the area a year prior.

After the officers claimed they identified themselves as NYPD officers, Diallo started to move up the steps of his building where they then warned him to stop and put his hands up. This statement made by the officers during their trial contradicts the statement of an eyewitness, who claimed the officers did not identify themselves as New York City police officers. After commanding Diallo to show his hands, he did, and whether he procured the item from his pocket or had the wallet already in his hands is known only by the officers and the deceased.

After holding the wallet in his hands, one of the officers yelled “Gun!” and began firing shots at Diallo. As this happened, one of the officers moved up the steps and stumbled backwards, losing his balance. The officers mistakenly thought their partner was hit, and continued to fire bullets into Amadou Diallo. Of the 41 shots fired that morning, 19 of them struck Diallo.

They found no weapons or drugs on Diallo. The four officers were charged with second-degree murder and reckless endangerment on March 25, 1999. On February 25, 2000, the officers were acquitted of all charges.

1. John Crawford

John Crawford fatally shot in a police shooting

One of the most damning examples of a police shooting being unjustified, this incident takes place in Beavercreek, Ohio on August 5, 2014 just after 8 p.m. 22-year-old John Crawford enters a Walmart and begins to walk around the store. In the sporting goods section Crawford picks up a Crosman MK-177 pellet rifle and continues his shopping.

Crawford nonchalantly carries the out-of-box pellet gun around while appearing to talk on his cell phone. Ronald and April Ritchie, shopping nearby, see the gun and decide to call the police. The couple closely monitor Crawford and try to catch the attention of any nearby shoppers, warning them of what they believed to be a nearby man carrying a real gun. “I couldn’t hear anything he was saying. I’m thinking that he is either going to rob the place or he’s there to shoot somebody,” claimed Ronald Ritchie.

Shortly after the 911 call, officer Sean Williams and Sgt. David Darkow arrive at the store where they are told the “subject with a gun” is standing in the pet supplies section. The officers tell Crawford to get down. One officer fires two shots into Crawford, knocking him onto the ground. Trying to get up, one of the officers forces Crawford on his back and handcuffs him.

Crawford is later confirmed dead from the two gunshot wounds in Dayton’s Miami Valley Hospital. But John Crawford wasn’t the only fatality that occurred during the shooting. 37-year-old Angela Williams, who was to be married later that same week, suffered a heart attack after hearing the gunshots and fleeing.

The two officers, including officer Sean Williams who fired the shots after stating Crawford made “an aggressive stance” were never charged. The couple who called the cops, and inadvertently caused the deaths of the two individuals, are also not being charged, even after later contradicting their own statements.

How to create a website anonymously (5 steps)

in How to by
How to create a website anonymously

Using the internet is a powerful way to exercise your right to free speech. Publishing your own content online allows you to communicate with people from all over the world. But now that we are living in an age of social media, every action you take online is logged, tracked and associated with one of your online profiles. Because of all this integration, starting an anonymous website is not as simple as registering a new WordPress blog using a fake name you made up. This is known as a semi-anonymous website. Even though your personal information is not easily visible to the average person, anyone with a basic knowledge of compute networking and a little motivation could find out your name, address, photo and other personally identifying information. Fortunately, it is possible to be fully anonymous on the internet.

We’ve compiled a simple, 5 step process that will allow you to create a website anonymously and guarantee security of your personal information.

Why should I create my website anonymously?

The importance of maintaining consistent online anonymity is best illustrated with the recent incident regarding KickAssTorrents.

Artem Vaulin arrested, awaiting trial
Artem Vaulin was arrested for being the creator of KickassTorrents.

Artem Vaulin was recently arrested after being identified as the owner of the popular torrent website. After being pursued by authorities for many years, the mistake that eventually lead to his arrest was a simple matter of him failing to separate his online identity from his real one.

His first major error was to operate a fan page for his illegal torrent site on Facebook. Although his Facebook account was registered with false information, the email he used for the Facebook account was active with several other services. Not only was the email receiving administrative notifications for the KickAssTorrents website, but he was also making purchases from an affiliated iTunes account. The IP address he used with iTunes led investigators to his Bitcoin wallet and several offshore bank accounts.

Although Artem employed some very advanced online security practices such as moving his website regularly around the globe and laundering his funds through multiple offshore bank accounts, just a single point of connection between his online and offline identities brought his entire operation to its knees.

While you may not be a criminal or even as high profile a target as Artem, his story serves to show how easy it can be to track somebody online. Even when you are not breaking the law in your own country, other governments or even hackers may attempt to personally identify you. The opinions you post online could negatively impact your career, or even your social life. Fortunately, creating an anonymous website is not too difficult. As long as you implement our 5 step plan, you’ll be able to keep your personal information secure for years to come.

Step 1: Protect Your IP

Whenever you send a letter, you put a destination address and a return address on the envelope. Just like a street address is used to route mail to your house, and IP address is used to route data to your computer. It can be used to track what online services you use, and even determine your location. By using a VPN, you are able to hide your IP address and encrypt your connection. There are many places to get a VPN, and for basic security any of them should do. But if you have specific concerns regarding the law or government censorship, it might be worth it to do a little digging on the service providers. More information about the factors in selecting a VPN service provider can be found here.

Step 2: Create an identity

Creating an identity online

Even though we want to remain anonymous, almost every online service requires some amount of personal information. While you can just make up gibberish, if you ever need to reset your password you may be asked to verify the identifying information you provided. For this reason, it’s helpful to keep everything consistent. If you can’t come up with any name and address on your own, you can use the fake name generator. Store this information somewhere safe so you will be able to access it if you need. With your VPN enabled, create a new email address with your name, you’ll be using this to sign up for services later.

Step 3: Get Bitcoin

Your payment information is one of the ways you can be easily tracked online. Since services like domain names and web hosting cost money, you’re going to need a way to pay for this stuff anonymously. Bitcoin is a digital crypto-currency that is bought and sold on an open market. We’ll be using this currency to get our website up anonymously.

How Bitcoin works

For security reasons, you’ll want to avoid all of the major online bitcoin wallet services. You’ll need to download bitcoin core, the backbone of the entire system. Once you install it, the program will create a wallet file for you to store your bitcoins. You won’t be able to send or receive any bitcoins until the program downloads 65GB of transaction information required to communicate with other users. While we wait, let’s find a way to buy bitcoin.

You’ll need about $50 in Bitcoin to start a basic website with an anonymous domain. In Bitcoin Core, click File and select “receiving address”. Under the address tab, you’ll see a string of number and letters. Copy this string and paste it somewhere safe. Now there are two places you can purchase bitcoins. If you’re in a major city, there may be a bitcoin ATM nearby. Look here for locations in the US. Using a bitcoin ATM is simple. Just walk up to it and carefully enter your wallet address, then insert cash and receive bitcoins moments later. If there is no bitcoin ATM in your city, you’ll have to head over to localbitcoins to find somebody who will sell them to you privately. Only do cash in person, or a cash deposit at a bank. Pick a vendor with lots of feedback to avoid getting scammed. Give them your wallet address, make the deposit and wait for bitcoins to show up in your wallet.

Step 4: Purchase Hosting and Domains

Now that you’ve got your bitcoin ready to go, it’s time to set up the services required to run your website. A domain name is the websites address, for example Hosting is rented server space, providing a connection for people to visit your website as well as an administrative panel for you to develop it. There are very few webhosts that allow for fully privatized service, but the most reliable and cost effective is Order the domain of your choice, and move on to the hosting setup. A very simple website will do fine on the $4.95 package, but if you’re expecting high traffic you might want to go larger. Once you complete the order, wait a couple hours for your domain to become active and then you’ll be ready to start building your website.

Step 5: Upload your content

At this point, you’re ready to start creating your anonymous website. Even if you have never built a website before, makes it simple to get started with a WordPress blog. Log into your cPanel and go to Software/Services. Click on the Softaculous icon. Click the install button in the WordPress category. In the setup form, select your domain from the dropdown menu. Leave the “in directory” field blank. Admin username and Password will be what you use to log into your website. Admin email will be the address we created in step 2. You can now click install, and your blog will be set up in just a few moments. Go to your domain to begin publishing your content.

WordPress is an easy to use blogging platform. Now that the install has been completed, you have everything you need to run your anonymous website. You can start posting right away, or play around with the design of your website.

And there you have it: how to setup a website anonymously.

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